Country Information: Greece

Greece Information :

Greece Facts:

 

Picture of the Greek Flag. Click for history and info. The Flag of Greece (Click for information)

The Flag of Greece consists of nine blue and white alternating horizontal stripes with a blue square on the top left that contains a white cross. [ more...]

 

Picture of the Greek Flag. Click for history and info. The Greek Language (Click for information)

The Greek language has been in use since prehistoric times, with the earliest evidence of its written versions surviving to our date in the form of Linear B tablets which date back to the 14th century BCE. Sometime between 1000 BCE and 700 BCE the inhabitants of Greece adopted the Phoenician alphabet which by the end of the 5th c. BCE had transformed to the 24 letters of the Greek alphabet which is still in use today. [ more... ]


Population:

  • 2010 Census Population Total: 10.787.690
  • Population Male: 5.303.690 (49,2%)
  • Population Female: 5.484.000 (50,8%)

Population by Geographic Region:

   
Total Greece population (2010 Census preliminary results) 10.787.690
Attiki . . . . .
3.812.330
Peloponnese . . . . . . . . . . .
581.980
Ionian Islands . . . . . . . . . . . .
206.470
Ipiros . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
336.650
Thessalia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
730.730
Central Macedonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.874.590
Easter Macedonia &Thraki . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
606.170
Western Macedonia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 282.120
Sterea Ellada . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 546.870
Western Greece . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
680.190
Northern Aegean Islands . . . . . . . . . . .
197.810
Southern Aegean Islands . . . . . . . . . . . 308.610
Kriti . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
621.340
Agio Oros . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.830

People of Greek Ancestry in the USA :

Country Description

Greece is a modern European country, with a strong democratic government, and a developing economy.

Much of the population of Greece is concentrated in a few major urban areas, with Athens hosting about one third of the country's population.

The Greek mainland occupies the southern most tip of the Balkan peninsula, and it borders to the East with Turkey, and to the north with Bulgaria, F.Y.R.O.M., and Albania. To the south and the West, Greece is touched by the Lybian sea and the Ionian sea respectively.

The terrain of the mainland of Greece is mostly mountainous while its seas are sprinkled with more than 2000 islands. Historically, such terrain has induced the relative isolation and independence of its various population groups. These groups exhibit unique variations in culture under a homogenous Greek identity rooted in history and Christian religion.

Maps of Greece

Greece Satellite Photos

Greece Maps Satellite Images of Greece

 

Greek Government

According to the US State Department "Greece is a developed and stable democracy with a modern economy."

The concept of "Democracy" was invented in ancient Greece, and more specifically in ancient Athens where for the first time in history citizens were able to choose the public officials. Democracy in ancient Greece reached its apogee during the fifth century BCE in Athens under the leadership of Perikles.

Today Greece is a parliamentary republic guided by a Democratic Constitution.
The president of the republic is the head of the state, while the prime minister is the head of the Greek government.

The president of Greece who is the chief of the state is elected by the parliament every five years and can serve a maximum of two terms. A two-thirds majority is required for the election of the president, ensuring thus a consensus of multiple political parties. The Greek President has limited powers and has the ultimate responsibility of overseeing that the constitutional authority guides the government.

The Greek Prime Minister who is the head of government, is elected by the parliament after the national elections that decide the make up of the parliament. There is no limit on how many terms the prime minister can serve.

The Parliament of Greece consists of 300 members elected by direct vote of the people to four year terms. The party that holds the majority in the parliament elects the Prime Minister and he/she is usually the leader of that political party.

THE CONSTITUTION OF GREECE
Article 51

1. The number of the Members of Parliament shall be specified by statute; it cannot, however, be below two hundred or over three hundred.
2. The Members of Parliament represent the Nation.
3. The Members of Parliament shall be elected through direct, universal and secret ballot by the citizens who have the right to vote, as specified by law. The law cannot abridge the right to vote except in cases where a minimum age has not been attained or in cases of legal incapacity or as a result of irrevocable criminal conviction for certain felonies.
4. Parliamentary elections shall be held simultaneously throughout the State.
Matters pertaining to the exercise of the right to vote by persons living outside the Country may be specified by law.
5. The exercise of the right to vote shall be compulsory. Exceptions and criminal sanctions shall be specified each time by law.

The country is divided in 13 administrative regions, which in turn are subdivided into 51 prefectures.

Notable International Memberships

Greece is a member of the UN (which she joined in 25 October, 1945), the European Union since 1981, and a NATO ally since 1952.
Greece was elected a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for the two year period 2005-06.

Greece Economy Information

Greece has a mixed capitalist economy. The service sector accounting for about 71% of the total GDP. Industry and agriculture account for the other 29%.

Greece has benefited a great deal from its participation in the European Union, and up until 2009 the Greek economy has been growing at a 3 or 4% every year, while the inflation had fallen from about 13% to the early 90's to around 3.5% in 2004.

While the per capita income appears low compared with other countries in the Euro zone, the fact that home ownership approaches 80% allows the Greek citizens a fairly comfortable life style. It should be noted that up until 2011 home owners paid no annual tax for their dwellings.

Greece has been a seafaring nation since the days when the Minoans dominated the Aegean in the Bronze age (3000 - 1000 BCE), and Greeks colonized the Northern Mediterranean and the Black Sea between 8th and 5th c. BCE. Athenian dominance of the sea in the 5th century BCE allowed for the extraordinary cultural development we admire today.

This tradition has continued through history, with the Greek merchant fleet being always one of the largest ones world-wide. As of 2010, Greece "owns one-seventh of the world's fleet in terms of deadweight tonnage (dtw). It's merchant fleet is the second largerst in the world after Japan and ahead of China and Germany, at 140.7 million deadweight tonnage." (bbc)

Greece has been going through rough economic times since 2008 when it became evident that she would be unable to repay its bulging debt without help from the European Union. As a consequence, austerity measures have blanketed the land and caused considerable fall in the standard of living of the great majority of Greek citizens. The outlook seems uncertain with some advocating that the austerity measures will lead to economic growth and recovery by 2014, while other economist predict that the country will declare bankrupsy and will abandon the Euro for the old Drachma currency (a prediction that seems to have be all but forgotten by 2013.) The figures shown here will be revised as soon as new official figures are announced.

More about visiting Greece during the economic crisis...

 

Greece Economy Facts

The latest European Economic Forecast published in May 2012 indicates:

Older statistics:

 

Currency of Greece

In 2000 Greece adopted the Euro, replacing the drachmas the official currency. The majority of the member countries of the EU endorsed at the same time the Euro as the common currency of Europe.

Click for pictures of the Greek version of the Euro, and for more information about money in Greece

About the Sources

This information on Greece is compiled from various sources in order to give an overall picture of the country and its general makeup. Specific information on various Greek locations is presented elsewhere in the pages of Greeklandscapes.com.

 

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